Third wave manufacturing

According to Ohio State University professor Glenn S Daehn, robotic blacksmithing is third wave of computer controlled manufacturing.

CNC was first wave and 3d printing second wave.

Think of robotic blacksmithing as giant robotic arms beating and shaping a metal part with precision. Somewhat, this concept is similar to Ford freeform fabrication technology which was developed for prototyping car bodies.

Robotic blacksmithing is primarily aimed at metal alloys fabrication.


Human scale vehicles. Micromobility can completely surpass traditional automobile industry. Micromobility can make places safer, green and be a catalyst for a better society.

While micromobility vehicles are popular as rented service category, user owned vehicles will become the norm, once it matures.

Micromobility is natural EV revolution.

Walkability, autonomous transit and guided pathways semi-autonomous micromobility as future of human transport.

Multi-modal manufacturing toolchain

Human scale, on-demand, sustainable, circular manufacturing is viable with Multi-Modal Micro-Manufacturing ‘M4’.

Developing complex software using an assortment of tools is called as toolchain.

3d printing farms are becoming a way for small scale manufacturing.

Envisioning a system, where open global design and standards repositories enable affordable, customized, localized supply chain of every and any civilian product.

All kinds of objects could be made at human scale under M4.
Mix and match different processes with such making farms.

There can be specific M4 for FMCG, CDIT, textiles with relatively smaller machine tools.

There will be M4 for constructing houses, vehicles and industrials with larger machines.

Specific M4 for biomedical will be near social infrastructure facilities.

M4 encompasses design, material processing, making and assembling as human scale system.

Potential of decentralized web

Need to think as stack, present a visual stack for decentralized web For reference see OSI Model, Enterprise stack and app stack models (Bitnami and

Decentralized web is subset of wider decentralized internet and telecommunications system. What offers to community wireless mesh networks and community fiber networks? Such as small scale distributed datacenters, distributed telephony exchange, distributed ISP, CDN.

How distributed web substitutes the cloud, SaaS, ISPs for people. Software defined networking/storage/telecom/datastore makes possible for to be all of these.

Need to consider OSI model, not TCP/IP model. Distributed Web to replace application, presentation, session. Wireless RF/light mesh/fractals, community fiber to replace transport, network, datalink, physical infrastructure.

User app stacks based on distributed web such as ERP, CRM, Wikis, LMS, CMS among other services. Efforts for faster and AI enabled EDA. Open source hardware will make it possible replace proprietary semiconductor components too in long term.

Distributed web will be enabler for new kinds of business models for financial services, e-commerce, e-learning, e-health, renting vehicles/rooms and so on.



Ambience Management

What explains people’s longing for serene, green, natural wilderness places. Some call it biophilia hypothesis.

Its mostly about ambience. A favorable ambience can be psychologically boosting.

There are specific communities and housing infrastructure examples, which apart from economic and social objectives have managed their ambience too.

From off the grid permaculture ecovillages to agrihood suburbs, ambience can be a major draw for people. Vacation homes by seaside or mountain valleys, polar resorts to view northern lights,  wooden cabins in wilderness, treehouses and traditional dense design of historical European towns provide cozy, non threatening and comfortable built environment. Managing ambience  through external and internal built environment is increasingly becoming critical for psychological health, productivity and ecological protection.

Solarpunk envisions such ambience management. In solarpunk, it is not just interior design or internal built environment but external built environment will resonate with serenity and balance of nature. Human scale design for buildings and urban infrastructure, ample green walls and green roofs, ample tree cover, dust free, vehicle free (vehicles will be dedicated electric pods with dedicated lanes), cozy, non threatening, ubiquitous hi-tech hidden infrastructure for energy, communications and waste management will have to be features of Solarpunk.


Data freedom, portability and user privacy

Contentious issues have arisen due to misue of user data by state and private entities.

Business model of consumer cloud services and communication providers is under scrutiny.

Progress of digital communication has led to several unintended consequences.

While, some regions or nations may frame regulations to protect users from unfair data exploitation, users can be empowered using new kinds of communication architecture.

There is stress on use of end to end encryption, net neutrality, cryptography standards and blockchain.

Innovative combinations of techniques across seven layers of OSI model and whole communication stack shows the way.

P2P applications need to be far more compelling and convenient for use by common users.

Asynchronous and synchronous, voice and data communication will benefit from consumerization of telecom stack components.

Not just user devices, but telecom nodes can be considered as forming fractals.
User owned white boxes for wireless and wired nodes with data management can replace many functions performed by enodeb base stations, exchanges and data centers.

Development of 5G, ubiquitous fiber, IoT, M2M, V2V and changes to WiFi and LiFi use cases will change architecture of telecom providers and ISPs.